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Shotgun Death of 5-Year-Old Girl Sparks New Gun-Safety Debate

A woman is questioned by a police officer after a five-year-old girl died from shotgun wounds received while playing with two young boys in a room in the village chief's house in Phanom Thuan district, Kanchanaburi province, on Monday. (Photo: Piyarat Chongcharoen)
A woman is questioned by a police officer after a five-year-old girl died from shotgun wounds received while playing with two young boys in a room in the village chief's house in Phanom Thuan district, Kanchanaburi province, on Monday. (Photo: Piyarat Chongcharoen)

The death of a 5-year-old girl killed while playing with a  shotgun has highlighted gun-safety issues in a country that has the highest rate of gun violence in Southeast Asia.

The girl died earlier this week from wounds she suffered while playing with a loaded shotgun with two boys, ages 6 and 7, at a village chief’s house in the central province of Kanchanaburi.

The child was severely wounded in both legs when the shotgun discharged and died of excessive blood loss before she could be taken to the hospital.

Although the village chief had a license to own the gun, police said, the firearm had been left unsecured and within reach of the children.

“This is certainly criminal negligence. Horrible,” a Thai woman noted in an online comment, echoing a similar sentiment expressed in the wake of the tragedy.

“Criminal negligence — a village headman leaving a loaded shotgun lying about in a room where children were left to play,” added another commenter.

“This one is on the village chief. Poor adult supervision at that house as he knew what was in that room,” a third commenter explained. “And why a loaded gun when a shotgun shell can be kept separately?”

The death of the child is the latest in a seemingly endless series of injuries and deaths caused by firearms in Thailand, whose rate of gun violence per capita exceeds the rate in the United States.

According to a study by experts at the University of Washington, there were 4.45 deaths by shooting per 100,000 people in Thailand in 2016, which was more than the average annual rate of gun-related deaths per 100,000 in the United States, a country known for high rates of gun violence.

There are over 6 million registered firearms in private hands in Thailand with millions more held illegally in a nation of 69 million, according to experts.

Gun ownership is especially common in some rural areas where many local men carry forearms to defend themselves should disputes with someone escalate to the point of violence.

“In my village many people have guns to protect themselves. Otherwise, it can be dangerous if you get into an argument with another villager,” Suwisa Sukchuang, a native of Nakhon Sri Thammarat, a southern province notorious for gun violence, told UCA News, a Bangkok Herald partner.

Exacerbating matters is that, despite the Buddhist faith placing an emphasis on self-control, many local Buddhists have hair-trigger tempers, which can flare up into deadly violence in an instant.

“Sometimes we get into a conflict and guns seem to be the answer. Guns make people equal,” Naras Savestanan, a prominent police officer, noted.

In addition to violence committed with guns, firearms also claim victims accidentally when they are handled or stored in an unsafe manner as happened to the children in Kanchanaburi.

Gun-safety advocates have been calling for tougher measures on firearms ownership in Thailand, but such calls have so far resulted in little tangible action.

Guns remain easy to obtain both legally and illegally in a country where firearms can even be purchased illegally with relative ease online, according to experts.

At the same time, many gun owners have had little or no training in how to handle and store their lethal weapons properly.